Electric Car Conversions – A How to Guide on Converting your Car to Electric
Electric car conversions have traditionally been private ‘backyard’ projects. However, workshops and mechanics around the world are slowly starting to embrace the demand for electric car conversions and are beginning to offer this service. In any event, if you are not experienced in mechanics, metalworking and machining then you will very likely need the assistance of someone who is.
If you do choose to make the conversion yourself, there is a wealth of information and resources available on the internet to help you. You can even buy electric conversion kits which are comprised of the main components that you will need to purchase. You can read more about electrical car performance by following a useful link at http://www.cardealershipsinatlantaga.org/electric-car-performance/
The following is a general guide to converting your car to electric power:
When selecting your car keep in mind that smaller is usually better. Smaller cars are lighter which means less energy is required to drive them. Also, choose a manual transmission if possible as they make easier conversions. Try and avoid too many ‘features’ as this is where the cost can be significantly pushed up. Things like power steering, electric windows and air-conditioning are best avoided if possible. Read more about new electric cars line up for 2014 here
Strip the Vehicle
Remove all the unnecessary components – the engine, fuel tank, starter motor, alternators, radiator and cooling system and exhaust train. It’s a good idea to remove everything from the engine bay, to give yourself a completely empty space to work with, and then re-fit any of the original components that are to be kept. For example, if you are keeping your 12volt battery (for existing ancillary electrics) it may be able to be re-mounted in a better location.
Obtain Electric Components
Generally you will require four main components – an electric motor, battery pack, battery charger and a controller to regulate the power feed from the batteries to the motor. Shop around for the most suitable components for your project. These can be sourced separately or purchased in kits. In addition to these four main components there are many other little ‘gizmos’ that you can add to enhance your electric vehicle. For example, you might need a converter to keep your original 12volt battery charged up from the main battery pack, rather than having to charge it seperately. Follow http://www.howtoelectriccar.com/electric-car-components/ to read more about Electric Car Components
Install the Electric Components
This is the part that requires the expertise and background knowledge of a mechanic or experienced ‘tinkerer’! In the most basic terms, the battery pack needs to be housed and connected to the controller which is then connected to the electric motor. The electric motor needs to be housed in place of the original internal combustion engine. You will normally need a custom made adapter plate to connect the motor to the transmission.